May 10 is the birthday of Azerbaijani National Leader Heydar Aliyev.
Heydar Alirza’s son Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923, in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan. After graduating from Nakhchivan Pedagogical Technical College in 1939, he studied at the architecture faculty of the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute “now Azerbaijan State Oil Academy”. The Second World War, unfortunately, did not allow him to complete his education.
Since 1941, Heydar Aliyev worked as the head of the department in the Nakhchivan ASSR-Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic’s People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs and in the Nakhchivan ASSR-People’s Commissars Council. In 1944 he was sent by the USSR to work in the state security agencies. Heydar Aliyev, who has been working in the security organizations system since 1964, served as the Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee affiliated to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR and was promoted to the rank of major general in 1967. In those years, Leningrad “now St. He received private higher education in the city of St. Petersburg”. He graduated from the History Faculty of Azerbaijan State University in 1957.
At the plenary session of the Central Committee of the Azerbaijan Communist Party in July 1969, he was elected the first secretary of the Central Committee and became the president of the republic. Heydar Aliyev, who was elected as a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in December 1982, was appointed as the first vice chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and became one of the first Turkish leaders of the USSR. Heydar Aliyev was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Azerbaijan SSR for twenty years, and for five years he was the first deputy chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers.
In October 1987, Heydar Aliyev resigned from his posts as a sign of protest against the political line set by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev himself.
After the January Massacre committed by the USSR in Azerbaijan on January 20, 1990, Heydar Aliyev made a statement at the Azerbaijani representative office in Moscow about the bloody tragedy committed by the Soviet troops in Baku and demanded the punishment of the organizers and perpetrators of the crime against the Azerbaijani people. In July 1991, as a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of the USSR leadership regarding the violent conflict situation in Nagorno-Karabakh, he left the ranks of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Returning to Azerbaijan in July 1990, Heydar Aliyev lived by residing first in Baku and then in Nakhchivan and was elected as a deputy to the Azerbaijan Supreme Soviet in the same year. He served as Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan from 1991-1993. He was elected as the general chairman of the YAP-New Azerbaijan Party at the founding congress held in Nakhchivan in 1992.
In May-June 1993, when the government crisis became extremely severe and the threat of civil war and loss of independence in the country emerged, the people of Azerbaijan rose up to demand that Heydar Aliyev be brought to power. The then leader and President of Azerbaijan, Abulfez Elchibey, officially invited Heydar Aliyev to Baku. Heydar Aliyev was elected Speaker of the Assembly of the Republic of Azerbaijan on June 15, 1993, and on July 24, with the decision of the Milli Majlis, he began to exercise the powers of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic.
As a result of the referendum held on October 3, 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On October 11, 1998, in the elections held in conditions of high public participation, he was re-elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan by collecting 76.1 percent of the votes. Haydar Aliyev, who was accepted to be a candidate in the presidential elections held on October 15, 2003, refused to participate in the elections due to health problems. Azerbaijan’s National Leader, President Heydar Aliyev, died on December 12, 2003 at the Cleveland Clinic hospital of the USA, where he was treated, and was buried in Baku with an Honorary Ceremony on December 15, in the Honorary Hiyaban.
Many state orders and medals, and international awards were given to Heydar Aliyev, and he was elected honorary doctor of universities in various countries.
On September 29, 2022, President Ilham Aliyev signed a decree “declaring 2023 the Year of Heydar Aliyev in the Republic of Azerbaijan”. With another decree signed by the head of state on November 28, 2022, the “Action Plan for the Declaration of 2023 as the Year of Heydar Aliyev in the Republic of Azerbaijan” was approved. According to the Action Plan, various events are organized in our country and abroad on.
Diplomacy and Intelligence Specialist Dr Elvin ABDURAHMANLI